11- 20 BACCABABCA
21- 30 CDACBCBACA
31- 40 ACDADCAACB
41- 50 ACDBCBACBA
-Provision of food:Urban areas depend on
rural areas for food stuffs
-Unskilled labour supply:Unskilled labour
supply usually come from rural to urban
-Medicinal herbs:Medicinal herbs and
roots are usually bought from rural to urban areas for phamaceuticals
DRAW THE GRAPH
Movement of goods and services
-Movement of people
-Development of tourism
-Opening up new lands and areas
-Generation of revenue
-It is very costly to build and maintain
-Railway transport is relatively slow in some other areas
-Railway network is generally poor
Characteristics of subsistence agriculture
1. It is mostly practiced by peasant
2. It involves a small area of land.
3. It involves the use of local tools eg
hoe, cutlass etc.
4. There is no specialization.
5. It employs unskilled labour.
6. The harvest returns are small.
7. It usually involves the use of family
8. It involves mainly the production of food crops alone.
9. It provides for the basic needs of the family.
10. There is little or no surplus for sale.
11. Mixed system of farming is usually
4b) ADVANTAGES OF SUBSISTENCE
1. Provision of basic needs of the family
like food and clothing
2. Small plot of land can be used to
cultivate such as the backyard garden.
3. Little or low capital is required to carry
out subsistence farming.
4c) DISADVANTAGES OR PROBLEMS OF
1. Family labour supply is unreliable
because they are not paid for job done.
2. Crude tools are used such as cutlass,
hoe and rake.
3. Fragmentation or small farmland is
available because lands are owned
communally and usually shared among
family members regardless of whether
they are interested in farming or not.
4. No surplus for sale to earn income. All
produce are consumed by the family.
5. Pest and diseases are not controlled.
– Making relevant products:
manufacturing industries in-tropical Africa
create an environment where the products
created for it populace are made with a
proper understanding of their needs.
– Job creation: With vast youth
unemployment in the tropical Africa ,
manufacturing is one of the only sectors
next to agriculture that can create a
significant amount of jobs for the
currently unemployed in these areas.
– Participation in the global economy:
Unlike other countries that have strong
sectors, tropical Africa countries is limited
in its participation in the global economy.
– inadequate capital;
– poor management;
– shortage of raw materials;
– poor infrastructu6