2019 Neco Obj, practical & Physical Geography Questions And Answers.





Length of the main road
=22/1 * 5/10 =2

the drainage pattern of the mapped area is the south east direction of the rivers

(i)lumbering- because of high trees
(ii)fishing- because of rivers


(i) The Intermontane plateau: is when a plateau is surrounded by mountains on all sides, it is refers to an Intermontane plateau. Some examples of the Intermontane plateau include the Tibetan plateau and the Bolivian plateaus.
(ii) The Piedmont plateau: a Piedmont plateau is located close to a mountain on one side. Some good examples of
Piedmont plateaus are the Malwa plateau in India, the Patagonian plateau in Argentina and the Piedmont plateau in America.
(iii) The Continental plateaus- when a plateau is surrounded by oceans or plains, it is refers to as continental plateau. Examples of continental plateaus include the plateaus of Western Australia and Africa.
(iv)Dissected plateaus : These plateau are highly eroded plateaus cut by rivers and broken by deep narrow valleys.

(i)Plateaus are very good sources of minerals such as Iron, copper, gold, diamonds, Manganese, coal, etc.
(ii) Areas that have plateau also have waterfalls as river falls from a great height of the plateau
(iii) Although plateaus are not very good for agricultural activities due to hard rock formation, hence, agricultural activities can be carried out at the base of the plateau where lava soils have deposited.
(iv) Plateaus that are formed from the lava of volcanoes have very fertile soil, making them useful for agricultural activities


(i) Arcuate Delta e.g Nile delta 
(ii) Bird-foot delta e.g mississippi delta 

(i) The river must have a larger load so it must originate from an area with high erosive power.
(ii) The course of the river should be free from obstacles which act as filters.
(iii) The river should be slow flowing on entering into the sea to prevent washing of sediments into the sea.

(i) They are major agricultural production centers and population centers
(ii) They serve as Tourist centre. 
(iii) They can provide coastline defense and can impact drinking water supply 


Environmental Hazard is a disaster caused by nature or man which pose a serious danger or risk to lives and properties of people.

(i) Volcanic eruptions 
(ii) earthquake 
(iii) desert encroanhment 
(iv) pollution 
(v) Drought

(i) Overgrazing: Animal grazing is a huge problem for many areas that are starting to become desert biomes. If there are too many animals that are overgrazing in certain spots, it makes it difficult for the plants to grow back, which hurts the biome and makes it lose its former green glory.
(ii) Deforestation: When people are looking to move into an area, or they need trees in order to make houses and do other tasks, then they are contributing to the problems related to desertification. Without the plants (especially the trees) around, the rest of the biome cannot thrive.
(iii) Farming Practices: Some farmers do not know how to use the land effectively. They may essentially strip the land of everything that it has before moving on to another plot of land. 

(i) By enforcement of law against overgrazing .
(ii) Replanting 
(iii) Environmental management

2018 Neco Government OBJ & Theory Questions And Answers.

(i)It is written down in a single document and
usually signed by those who oversaw the
document being drafted and undertake to
follow same.
(ii) Sections and chapters with clearly stated of
Fundamental right of the citizens and its
(iii) Minimum expectations from leaders as
well as people are listed so that they may, with
passing time, be updated.
(iv) System of the political structure of the
government and a strict adherence to its
(v) Certain areas maintaining status quo are
marked out so that like above mentioned
promises, they may be worked upon.
(vi)Method of determining issues related to
nationality, socio economic equity and welfare
are set out. These are inflexible, usually.


Public opinion is defined as the nature,
democratic process spurs citizens to form
opinions on a number of issues. The political
attitudes of these persons are often stimulated
or reinforced by outside agencies a crusading
newspaper, an interest group, or a government
agency or official.
(a)It is written down and usually signed by
those who oversaw the document being drafted
and undertake to follow same.
(b) Rights are clearly mentioned so that people
who are governed by rules contained in same,
know their entitlement.
(c) Minimum expectations from leaders as well
as people are listed so that they may, with
passing time, be updated.
(d) Promises are made to be fulfilled in future
which past have rendered necessary yet
difficult, even impossible.
(e) Certain areas maintaining status quo are
marked out so that like above mentioned
promises, they may be worked upon.
(f)Method of determining issues related to
nationality, socio economic equity and welfare
are set out. These are inflexible, usually.


(i) The Role of Equity Legislation: Sometimes,
the law do seems to be inconsistent with some
of the laws. In other words, laws could be
ambitious, that is to say that the laws are
silent, and in such cases, it is incumbent on
the Judge to bring in his wisdom.
(ii) Judiciary Protects People’s Rights: The
judiciary is vested with the power of
safeguarding the rights of the Nigerian
citizenry. That is its supreme responsibility as
the third organ of government. In the case,
where the citizen’s rights is threatened, or
maybe, violated by whoever, the individual has
the constitution right as a Nigerian citizen to
seek his protection from the Nigerian judiciary,
because one major function of the judiciary is
the protection of the rights of the Nigerian
citizens, even foreigners, since it has to do with
human rights.
(iii) Juduciary Conducts Judicial Inquiries:More
often, issues of state important do come up
that normally begs for inquiries. In such a
situation, court Judges are normally called
upon to serve such purposes. Once Enquiry
Commissions are constituted, Judges are
always the people to head such commissions.
(iv) Judiciary Special Role in a Federation: The
judiciary has more vital role to play, where a
federal system of government is practice, such
as the Nigerian situation. This role include,
guarding the constitution and as well as
arbitering disputes involving say, the federal
and the state governments.
(v) Judiciary Interprets and Applies Laws:
Another functions of the judiciary is the
interpretation and the application of laws to all
cases. We are in the know that, judiciary
disputes and as well, decides on cases
brought before it.
(i)The independence constitution provided for a
democratic parliamentary system of
government whereby the office of the head of
State is different from the office of the head of
(ii) A federal system of government was
(iii) Queen Elizabeth was still the Head of
state, Nnamdi Azikwe, the Governor – General,
was a ceremonial Head of State representing
the Queen until October 1st1963 when Nigeria
became a republican State.
(iv) The prime minister was the Head of
government and administration {Tafawa
(v) The constitution provided for a bi-cameral
legislature at the center, the Senate (upper
house) and House of Representatives ( lower
(vi) The constitution provided a premier as the
Head of the executive of each region.
(i) Colonialism:
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to
extend or retain its authority over other people
or territories, generally with the aim of
developing or exploiting them, creation of new
markets for the colonizing nation; and the
geographical expansion of the colonizing
nation’s ideas, language, and way of life. to the
benefit of the colonizing.
(ii) Imperialism:
It is the policy that involves a nation extending
its power by acquisition of land by purchase
diploma or military force. Thise means is an
advocacy of extending power and especially
dominion over especially by direct territory
acquisition or by gaining political and
economic control of other areas.
(iii) Warranty chief:
They are some local chiefs used by
intermediate between the British and the
colonised nation. They were given some
powers to peform some minor duties like
collection of tax, settlement of disputes,
interpreters, etc.The British appointed willing
participants or collaborators and gave them
“warrants” to act as local representatives of the
British administration among their people.
(iv) Nationalism:
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic
system characterized by the promotion of the
interests of a particular nation, especially with
the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty
over the homeland.
(i) Appointment of the Executive Secretary: It is
the body that appoints the Executive Secretary
for the organisation.
(ii) Decision-Making: It is the highest decision
making body.
(iii) Regional economy: It discusses issues
pertaining to the economy of the sub-region.
(iv) Recommendations: It approves the
recommendations of the council of ministers
(v) Treaties and agreements: It approves all
agreements and treaties entered into by the
(vi) Amendment of the charter: It approves
prosposals initiated for the amendment of the
charter establishing the community.
i. Sensitisation: There should be workshops to
sensitize and create awareness to the general
public on the need for national unity and
ii. Equity: the government should be careful
enough to share financial resources and
otherwise, equally.
iii. Creation of Job opportunities: there should
be the presence of an enabling environment to
engage the youths to avoid idleness. They
should be adequately trained on how to
establish small and medium scale enterprises.
iv. Integration: platforms, where Nigerians get
to learn more about other ethnic groups, should
be encouraged. This would inculcate the spirit
of unity and togetherness among citizens

2018 Neco Biology OBJ & Theory Questions And Answers.


(i) Sunlight: It is source of energy for during
(ii) Chlorophyl: It traps solar energy and coverts
it to chemical energy during photosynthesis

(i) Humerus
(ii) Radius
(iii) Ulna
(iv) Scapula
(v) The ball and socket joint

(i) They help in gathering food for the caste
(ii) circulating and maintaining the colony’s
pheromones and food among each other via
(iii) They help in tending to the eggs and
(iv) They help in taking care of the queen and
(v) They help in constructing or repairing the
nest, tunnels, galleries, feeding tunnels

Ecosystem is a community of interaction
between organisms and their environment.



Gene can be defined as the basic unit of
iheritance which carries hereditary factors or
materials such DNA. It is found in the
chromosone of all cells

Implantation refers specifically to the
attachment of the fertilized egg to the uterine
lining, which occurs approximately 6 or 7 days
after conception (fertilization).

Group of living organisms consisting of similar
individuals capable of exchanging genes or

A saprophytes are organism which feeds on
dead decayed organic matter.

(i)It gives support and shape to the body
(ii) It helps in the production of white blood
(iii) It aids free movements
(iv) It helps in the attachment of muscles

(i) Biceps
(ii) Triceps
(i) Lipase
(ii) Maltase
(iii) Amylase

-Lipase breaks down dietary fats into smaller
molecules called fatty acids and glycerol.
-Maltase converts maltose to glucose
-Amylase converts starch to maltose


(i) Diabetes mellitus
(ii) Infective hepatitis
(iii) Cancer of the Liver

Under Plant cell
(i) presence of cell wall
(ii) presence of chloroplast
(iii) Presence of sparse cytoplasm
(iv) presence of small vacuole
(v) Absence of centrosome
Under Animal cell
(i) Absence of cell wall
(ii) Absence of chloroplasts
(iii) Presence of dense cytoplasm
(iv) Presence of small vacuole
(v) Presence of Centrosome


(i) Parenchyma
(ii) Collenchyma

(i) A reptile has a backbone, which means they
are vertebrates.
(ii) Reptiles produce eggs. Most reptiles lay
hard-shelled eggs, but a few give birth to live
(iii) Reptiles are cold-blooded


Diffusion is the movement of molecules or
atoms from a region in which they are in higher
concentration to a region of lower concentration
until an equilibrium is established

Osmosis this is a spontaneous movement of
water molecules through a semi-permeable
membrane into a region of higher solute

Plasmolysis is a shrinking away of cytoplasm
from the wall of a living cell due to water from

(i) Competition
(ii) Epidemic
(iii) Restlesness
(iv) Death

(i) Prevention of bush burning
(ii) Prohibition of killing or poaching of animals
in game reserve

(i) Termite
(ii) Bee

Metamorphosis is a process by which an
animal physically develops after birth or
hatching, involving a conspicuous and relatively
abrupt change in the animal’s body structure
through cell growth and differentiation.

(i) Cockroaches
(ii) Termites
(i) Tomatoes
(ii) Oranges



(i) Mouth | Stationary gland (Ptyodira)
(ii) Stomach | Renin
(iii) Small Intestine | (Lipase) (Ellipsis)