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2018 Neco Government OBJ & Theory Questions And Answers.

(1)
(i)It is written down in a single document and
usually signed by those who oversaw the
document being drafted and undertake to
follow same.
(ii) Sections and chapters with clearly stated of
Fundamental right of the citizens and its
exceptions.
(iii) Minimum expectations from leaders as
well as people are listed so that they may, with
passing time, be updated.
(iv) System of the political structure of the
government and a strict adherence to its
provisions.
(v) Certain areas maintaining status quo are
marked out so that like above mentioned
promises, they may be worked upon.
(vi)Method of determining issues related to
nationality, socio economic equity and welfare
are set out. These are inflexible, usually.

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(2a)
Public opinion is defined as the nature,
democratic process spurs citizens to form
opinions on a number of issues. The political
attitudes of these persons are often stimulated
or reinforced by outside agencies a crusading
newspaper, an interest group, or a government
agency or official.
(2b)
(a)It is written down and usually signed by
those who oversaw the document being drafted
and undertake to follow same.
(b) Rights are clearly mentioned so that people
who are governed by rules contained in same,
know their entitlement.
(c) Minimum expectations from leaders as well
as people are listed so that they may, with
passing time, be updated.
(d) Promises are made to be fulfilled in future
which past have rendered necessary yet
difficult, even impossible.
(e) Certain areas maintaining status quo are
marked out so that like above mentioned
promises, they may be worked upon.
(f)Method of determining issues related to
nationality, socio economic equity and welfare
are set out. These are inflexible, usually.

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(4)
(i) The Role of Equity Legislation: Sometimes,
the law do seems to be inconsistent with some
of the laws. In other words, laws could be
ambitious, that is to say that the laws are
silent, and in such cases, it is incumbent on
the Judge to bring in his wisdom.
(ii) Judiciary Protects People’s Rights: The
judiciary is vested with the power of
safeguarding the rights of the Nigerian
citizenry. That is its supreme responsibility as
the third organ of government. In the case,
where the citizen’s rights is threatened, or
maybe, violated by whoever, the individual has
the constitution right as a Nigerian citizen to
seek his protection from the Nigerian judiciary,
because one major function of the judiciary is
the protection of the rights of the Nigerian
citizens, even foreigners, since it has to do with
human rights.
(iii) Juduciary Conducts Judicial Inquiries:More
often, issues of state important do come up
that normally begs for inquiries. In such a
situation, court Judges are normally called
upon to serve such purposes. Once Enquiry
Commissions are constituted, Judges are
always the people to head such commissions.
(iv) Judiciary Special Role in a Federation: The
judiciary has more vital role to play, where a
federal system of government is practice, such
as the Nigerian situation. This role include,
guarding the constitution and as well as
arbitering disputes involving say, the federal
and the state governments.
(v) Judiciary Interprets and Applies Laws:
Another functions of the judiciary is the
interpretation and the application of laws to all
cases. We are in the know that, judiciary
disputes and as well, decides on cases
brought before it.
===================================
(6)
(i)The independence constitution provided for a
democratic parliamentary system of
government whereby the office of the head of
State is different from the office of the head of
government.
(ii) A federal system of government was
retained.
(iii) Queen Elizabeth was still the Head of
state, Nnamdi Azikwe, the Governor – General,
was a ceremonial Head of State representing
the Queen until October 1st1963 when Nigeria
became a republican State.
(iv) The prime minister was the Head of
government and administration {Tafawa
Balewa}.
(v) The constitution provided for a bi-cameral
legislature at the center, the Senate (upper
house) and House of Representatives ( lower
house).
(vi) The constitution provided a premier as the
Head of the executive of each region.
===============================
(8)
(i) Colonialism:
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to
extend or retain its authority over other people
or territories, generally with the aim of
developing or exploiting them, creation of new
markets for the colonizing nation; and the
geographical expansion of the colonizing
nation’s ideas, language, and way of life. to the
benefit of the colonizing.
(ii) Imperialism:
It is the policy that involves a nation extending
its power by acquisition of land by purchase
diploma or military force. Thise means is an
advocacy of extending power and especially
dominion over especially by direct territory
acquisition or by gaining political and
economic control of other areas.
(iii) Warranty chief:
They are some local chiefs used by
intermediate between the British and the
colonised nation. They were given some
powers to peform some minor duties like
collection of tax, settlement of disputes,
interpreters, etc.The British appointed willing
participants or collaborators and gave them
“warrants” to act as local representatives of the
British administration among their people.
(iv) Nationalism:
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic
system characterized by the promotion of the
interests of a particular nation, especially with
the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty
over the homeland.
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(9)
(i) Appointment of the Executive Secretary: It is
the body that appoints the Executive Secretary
for the organisation.
(ii) Decision-Making: It is the highest decision
making body.
(iii) Regional economy: It discusses issues
pertaining to the economy of the sub-region.
(iv) Recommendations: It approves the
recommendations of the council of ministers
(v) Treaties and agreements: It approves all
agreements and treaties entered into by the
community.
(vi) Amendment of the charter: It approves
prosposals initiated for the amendment of the
charter establishing the community.
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10)
i. Sensitisation: There should be workshops to
sensitize and create awareness to the general
public on the need for national unity and
patriotism.
ii. Equity: the government should be careful
enough to share financial resources and
otherwise, equally.
iii. Creation of Job opportunities: there should
be the presence of an enabling environment to
engage the youths to avoid idleness. They
should be adequately trained on how to
establish small and medium scale enterprises.
iv. Integration: platforms, where Nigerians get
to learn more about other ethnic groups, should
be encouraged. This would inculcate the spirit
of unity and togetherness among citizens

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