*2018 WAEC GCE (PRIVATE) GEOGRAPHY ESSAY ASPECT*
Conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban or industrially developed area.
(i) Midlandton in England
(ii) Ruhr in Germany
(i) Lack of proper infrastructural facilities and civic amenities to cater to the entire population.
(ii) There is increase in urban slum and squatter settlements
(iii) There is traffic congestion and severe environmental degradation
(iv) Administration of the entire area in an efficient manner becomes a problem.
(i) Much concenttration should go to these areas in providing adequate civic amenities since the area is largely occupied
(ii) Good settlement planning and low cost housing should be provided to these areas
(iii) Expansion of roads and addition of more roads to reduce traffic congestion
(iv) Effective administration should be provided to those region.
(3ai) A census is an official survey of the population of a country that is carried out in order to find out how many people live there and to obtain details of such things as people’s ages and jobs.
Shifting cultivation is a method of agriculture where an area of land is cleared off its vegetation and cultivated for a period of time and then abandoned for its fertility to be naturally restored.
(i) Cultivation is mainly for subsistence.
(ii) Farming depends mainly on family labour.
(iii) The land is abandoned when the yields decline.
(i) It helps used land to get back all lost nutrients and as long as no damage occurs therefore.
(ii) It saves a wide range of resources and provides nutrients because a small area is usually cleared and the burned vegetation offers many nutrients
(iii) It helps to ensure more productivity and sustainability of agriculture
(i) It can easily lead to deforestation because when soil fertility is exhausted, farmers move on and clear another small area of the forest
(ii) It can easily cause soil erosion and desertification
(iii) It restricts the intensity of land use
(iv) It easily leads to loss of biodiversity
i)A great circle is the shortest path between two points along the surface of a sphere.
ii)great circle is the intersection of the surface with a plane passing through the center of the planet.
iii)They cross successive meridians at different angles.
i)Great circle are of importance to navigation and aviation.
ii)The shortest route between any two places is along the arc of the great circle which passes through them.
iii)Ships crossing the vast oceans and aircrafts follow the Great circle route in order to save fuel and time.
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