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WAEC GCE 2020 First Series Government Questions And Answers.



2020 WAEC GCE GOVERNMENT OBJ/ESSAY ANSWERS BY EXAMCLASS TEAM.


Government OBJ

1-10: BCCDBBBCBC
11-20: ADCBDABCBC
21-30: BBCCDCDCDA
31-40: AACADDCCBB
41-50: CBACCADCBA


THEORY/ESSAY ANSWERS.

(1)
(i)Population: The most obvious essential feature of a state is its people. “States where the population shares a general political and social consensus (an agreement) about basic beliefs, have the most stable governments.”

(ii)Territory: A state or country or city has certain boundaries. Conflicts can arise between states and countries over where borders should be placed. Boundaries can also be changed due to war, purchase or territory, or negotiations between governments.

(iii)Sovereignty: “The key characteristic of a state. Political sovereignty means the state has absolute supreme authority within the boundary of its territory. It can make laws, shape foreign policy, and make its own actions without the approval of a higher authority.

(iv)Government: A government “is the institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces decisions that are binding on its citizens.”

(v)Permanence: A state must be relatively permanent, unlike the government which changes from time to time. This permanence makes it possible for a state to develop as it should.

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(2a)
(i)Neutrality
(ii)Impartiality
(iii)Anonymity

(2b)
(i)Health care; They are in charge of the creation of hospitals where people can receive the medical care they require. In other words this ministry are supposed to provide the population with free or cheap medical services of the highest available quality.

(ii)Education; provide each citizen of Nigeria with a high-quality education that’s either free or cheap enough to be affordable for everyone. The problem of illiteracy in rural regions of the country is still acute for Nigeria, especially now when the population is growing at a cosmic speed.

(iii)Agricultural development; Nigeria is a country with plenty of resources that need proper handling. Today, Nigeria is the seventh country in the world by the number of people who live there. The population is supposed to grow further in the nearest future. All this leads to the provision insufficiency. In other words agricultural sector in the Nigerian economics needs development and forced growth

(iv)policy and legislation; It helps prepare and draft new legislation. In other words it helps the Government to run the country according to the legislation passed by the Oireachtas.

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(5a) Public Opinion can be described as the aggregate views of the people at a given time and on a particular
issue/matter.   
        
(5b)
– Mass Media: Public opinion can be formed through information provided by the media.
– Trade Unions: The trade unions that people belong to serve as the source of information which eventually help them in building public opinion. 
– Political parties:* Parties serve as an aggregating factor for people’s opinion.
– Pressure/Interest groups: They give information to their members and this helps them to form opinion.

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(6a)
(i)To promote and sustain the unity of Nigeria, uphold her territorial integrity and defend her independence and sovereignty.

(ii)To work towards full employment for all Nigerians and to promote economic, social: and politicalequality of all sections of the country.

(6b)
(i)The party won gubernatorial elections and controlled three states of Imo, Anambra and Plateau.

(ii)NPP contributed a lot to the successful experimentation of the presidential system of government in Nigeria.

(iii)Like the otner parties, NPP contributed in producing potential prominent politicians in Nigeria.

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(9)
(i)Size; In the first place the size of a state’s territory as well as it’s population greatly influences its foreign policy. Generally the leaders and people of countries with small territory and population do not expect their country to carry great weight in international affairs. On the other hand the leaders and people of large countries are ready to assume special responsibilities.

(ii)Geography; The geography of a country, including its fertility, climate, location in relation to their land masses, and water-ways etc. also influence the country’s foreign policy.

(iii)Economic Development; The stage of economic development which a country has attained also has its impact on its foreign policy. Generally the industrially advanced countries feel more deeply involved in relations with other countries because they have to import different kinds of raw materials and commodities from other countries.

(iv)Technology.
Advancement in technology, which affects the military and economic capabilities of a state, also exercises profound influence on the foreign policy. However, this factor influences the foreign policy only in an indirect manner, by influencing other sources of foreign policy.

(v)Social Structure; The social structure of a society also exercises profound influence on its foreign policy. A society which is sharply divided on the basis of wealth, religion, regional imbalances, etc. cannot pursue effective foreign policy on account of division and lack of co-operation among various groups.

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(10)
(i)Provision of employment; The Commonwealth Secretariat and other specialized agencies of the association like the Commonwealth Telecommunication Organization, etc. have over the years been a source of employment to the citizens of the Commonwealth, as long as they are properly qualified to do the job

(ii)Military training; The Commonwealth has provided military training to officers from the various member states in the finest officers training institutes in Britain and Canada. Ghanaian officers, for example, have been trained in Sandhust, in England.

(iii)Promotion of sports; The Commonwealth has achieved a lot in the fields of sports and games. The Commonwealth, for example, has instituted a major sporting event called the Commonwealth Games where athletes and sportsmen and women in other sporting disciplines have performed creditably.

(iv)Promotes the growth of democracy; Whenever member states are conducting their periodic elections, the Commonwealth usually sends observers to those countries to observe the conduct of the polls. For such elections to be credible before the comity of nations.

(v)Cooperation; One of the achievements of the Commonwealth of Nations is the way it has promoted cooperation among the various professionals within the Commonwealth. The lawyers have cooperated at the level of the Commonwealth Bar Association and the academia have cooperated at the level of the Association of Commonwealth Universities.


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Updated: January 22, 2020 — 11:22 am

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